- Estrogen refers to a group of similar hormones produced in the body.
- The main three are estrone, estradiol, and estriol.
- Estradiol is produced mainly by the ovaries and, of the three; it is most stimulating to the breast tissue.
- Estrone is most prevalent after menopause, and is produced by conversion of adrenal DHEA in fat cells. It is also formed from the conversion from estradiol.
- Estriol is produced in large quantities in pregnancy and is also the main circulating estrogen in young women according to research by Dr. Jonathan Wright.
- Estriol is made from estrone and estradiol and is less stimulating.
- Estrogens are helpful in relieving hot flashes as well as helping the urinary tract, breasts, skin, blood vessels, and keeping the uterus toned and flexible.
- Estrogens may slow the development of osteoporosis by slowing down the rate of bone loss.
- Progesterone is primarily produced by the corpus luteum in the ovary just prior to and after ovulation.
- It is also produced in large quantities by the placenta during pregnancy, while produced all the time by the adrenal glands.
- Progesterone may enhance estrogen activity while also moderating symptoms of estrogen excess such as water retention, fat accumulation, uterine bleeding, and mood swings.
- Progesterone helps promote thyroid activity, and may also stimulate cells (osteoblasts) necessary for bone building.
- Testosterone in men is mainly produced by the testicles, and in smaller quantities by the adrenal glands.
- In women, testosterone is produced in both the ovaries and the adrenal glands.
- In both men and women, testosterone may be helpful for increasing sex drive, energy, and muscle strength.
- DHEA is made by the adrenal glands. Once DHEA enters the cells, it may be converted to testosterone, and estrogens.
- DHEA enhances the immune system to help protect against infection, injury, and illness.
- DHEA may also be helpful in enhancing energy and muscle strength.
- DHEA may be beneficial in treating autoimmune disorders such as Crohn’s, lupus, multiple sclerosis, fibromyalgia, and rheumatoid arthritis.
- Pregnenolone is produced in the adrenal glands.
- It is also produced in the brain, liver, ovaries, testicles, and myelin sheath.
- Other hormones such as DHEA, cortisol, progesterone, testosterone, and estrogens are made from pregnenolone.
- Pregnenolone may enhance mood, energy, and memory
- Pregnenolone may be helpful for individuals dealing with autoimmune disorders, chronic fatigue, and depression.
- Thyroid refers to a group of hormones produced in the body.
- The two main thyroid hormones are thyroxine or T4, and triiodothyronine or T3.
- T4 is produced by the thyroid gland. It is the inactive thyroid hormone in the body.
- T3 is produced by the thyroid gland and in the brain and liver via the conversion of T4. It is the active thyroid hormone in the body.
- Thyroid hormones are involved in regulating the body’s metabolism, increasing energy, and regulating the menstrual cycle.
- Hydrocortisone is produced by the adrenal glands.
- Hydrocortisone helps boost the immune system to assist in recovery from infections, illness, or stress.
- Hydrocortisone may be beneficial in treating autoimmune disorders such as Crohn’s, multiple sclerosis, lupus, fibromyalgia, and rheumatoid arthritis
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